There are several areas in the Australian cybersecurity ambition where key foundations or linking mechanisms are absent. There is a large gap between U.S. assessments of advanced technology threats and the Australian government's public assessments. These gaps have important policy implications, as well as negative impacts on the security and prosperity of Australians. The country's cybersecurity, cyber defence and cyber war education and training policy is foundational to the establishment, development and enhancement of every other cybersecurity policy in a civilian or defence context, and as guidance for the glaringly obvious national lack of a skilled workforce. Australia needs to make giant steps, of which an enhanced STEM approach is only one, and one that will have no strong pay-offs in the next decade at least.