Assessing the Effectiveness and Security Implications of AI Code Generators
Cover - CISSE Volume 11, Issue 1


Source Code Vulnerability
Large Language Model
Foundation Models


Students, especially those outside the field of cybersecurity, are increasingly turning to Large Language Model (LLM)-based generative AI tools for coding assistance. These AI code generators provide valuable support to developers by generating code based on provided input and instructions. However, the quality and accuracy of the generated code can vary, depending on factors such as task complexity, the clarity of instructions, and the model’s familiarity with the programming language. Additionally, these generated codes may inadvertently utilize vulnerable built-in functions, potentially leading to source code vulnerabilities and exploits. This research undertakes an in-depth analysis and comparison of code generation, code completion, and security suggestions offered by prominent AI models, including OpenAI CodeX, CodeBert, and ChatGPT. The research aims to evaluate the effectiveness and security aspects of these tools in terms of their code generation, code completion capabilities, and their ability to enhance security. This analysis serves as a valuable resource for developers, enabling them to proactively avoid introducing security vulnerabilities in their projects. By doing so, developers can significantly reduce the need for extensive revisions and resource allocation, whether in the short or long term.